Cabinets that are mounted or rest on the floor and which often serve as a countertop. The standard size for base cabinets is 34 ½ inches high and 24 inches deep, excluding the countertop and cabinet door.
Cabinet inserted into a corner with cabinets bordering it on both of the adjacent walls. Since access to a blind cabinet is limited, the installation of a Lazy Susan section, with revolving shelves, improves its usefulness. Some blind cabinets are designed with faces at a 45 degree angle to aid function.
Enclosures that are installed against a wall and off of the floor, often in a kitchen or storage area. The standard depth of a wall cabinet is 12 inches deep, with the width and height varying. When used in a kitchen the units are normally installed 18 inches above the base cabinets and either extend to the ceiling or leave some area open. Soffits are often built above the cabinets so that the empty space is filled.
Drawing made by either an architect or designer of electrical systems, which shows electrical terminations, cable routing and the number of wires for each box to be used by the electrician in wiring a building.
Device which is mounted on the busway and provides a secure entryway for an electrical current to enter the busway by permitting the connection of an electrical cable to an electrical busway, the enclosure for the electrical bus bars or rods.
Designed to support electrical cables where many cables are run side by side, a cable tray is supported by a structure of which it becomes a permanent part. Some cables trays have a solid bottom and side rails with another type having a ladder-type bottom and side rails and are used according to requirements.
Also called Computer Aided Design and Drafting it is a graphics program used on computers so that drawing can be done in two or three dimensions with the three dimensional designs able to be animated to be viewed from different angles, including from the inside of the drawing. Installation or maintenance can be simulated by the movement of various parts during animation. Animation can be used for simulations, situation re-enactments demonstrations and education. CADD programs can be used to design items, systems and structures of all sizes and complexities and are increasingly used for designing or planning construction sequences and logistics for building projects as well as landscaping designs. Drawn to scale with dimensions shown by computer the measurements can be taken electronically.
Caisson pile, with large diameter which is set into a deep hole of 150 feet deep with a 10 foot diameter, which is used to support a foundation of a structure being built on soil which needs reinforcement to support the structure's weight.
Hollow cylinder pile, which is inserted into the soil with jacks, as it is rotated back and forth, thus reducing friction with the soil. The soil in the center of the cylinder is removed, once the cylinder is in place, and is replaced with concrete to for strengthened structural ability.
Large piling used to support a building or bridge by being sunk into the ground or the body of a bed of water. Caissons are constructed of a cast-in place concrete, which is poured into a hollow cylinder, which has been inserted into the ground with a pile driver. Drilled-in caissons have the ends reinforced with a steel shoe welded to the bottom of the cylinder.